Losartan efectos secundarios tos

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Overview of Losartan

Overview of Losartan

Losartan is a medication commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart failure. It belongs to a class of drugs known as angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), which work by relaxing blood vessels, facilitating blood flow, and reducing the workload on the heart.

How Losartan works: Losartan blocks the action of a hormone called angiotensin II, which normally causes blood vessels to narrow. By blocking angiotensin II, Losartan helps blood vessels relax and widen, allowing blood to flow more easily and reducing blood pressure.

Key benefits of Losartan: Losartan has been shown to effectively lower blood pressure, reducing the risk of heart attack, stroke, and kidney problems in patients with hypertension. It is also used to improve symptoms and outcomes in patients with heart failure.

Main side effects

When taking Losartan, some of the main side effects that may occur include:



Losartan can cause dizziness, especially when standing up quickly. It is important to be cautious and move slowly to avoid potential falls.


A persistent dry cough can be a side effect of Losartan. If you experience this, consult your healthcare provider to discuss potential alternatives.

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Side Effects

One of the most common side effects associated with Losartan is coughing. This persistent cough can be bothersome for some patients and may require medical attention if it becomes severe.

While coughing is a known side effect of Losartan, it is important to note that not everyone will experience this symptom. If you do develop a cough while taking Losartan, it is advisable to consult with your healthcare provider to discuss potential solutions or alternative medication options.


Coughing can be a common side effect of Losartan and is usually mild in nature. However, if you experience persistent or severe coughing while taking Losartan, it is important to consult your healthcare provider.

Causes of Coughing:

It is believed that Losartan can sometimes irritate the throat and cause a dry, persistent cough in some individuals. This cough is thought to be a result of the medication’s effects on the lungs and airways.


The cough associated with Losartan can be dry and persistent, leading to discomfort and annoyance for some patients. It is important to differentiate this cough from other respiratory issues or infections.

If you experience a persistent cough while taking Losartan, discuss this symptom with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of action.


Dizziness is a common side effect of Losartan that may occur in some patients. It is essential to monitor and manage dizziness to ensure the safety and well-being of the individual taking this medication.

Symptoms Dizziness, lightheadedness, feeling faint
Cause Losartan may lower blood pressure, leading to dizziness as a result of reduced blood flow to the brain
Management 1. Sit or lie down if feeling dizzy
2. Avoid sudden movements
3. Stay hydrated
4. Rise slowly from a sitting or lying position
5. Consult a healthcare provider if dizziness persists or worsens
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When it comes to managing the side effects of Losartan, it’s crucial to consult with your healthcare provider first. They can provide personalized guidance based on your specific health situation and help you navigate potential alternatives.

Here are some general tips for managing Losartan side effects:

1. Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water can help alleviate certain side effects like dizziness and dehydration. Make sure to stay hydrated throughout the day.

2. Monitor Blood Pressure

Regularly monitoring your blood pressure can help ensure that Losartan is effectively managing your hypertension while monitoring any potential side effects.

Remember, always follow your healthcare provider’s recommendations and never adjust your Losartan dosage without consulting them first.

Alternative medications

When it comes to managing high blood pressure and other related conditions, there are several alternative medications available on the market. These medications can be considered in cases where Losartan is not suitable or well-tolerated by the patient.

1. Lisinopril

Lisinopril is an ACE inhibitor that is often used to treat high blood pressure. It works by relaxing blood vessels, making it easier for the heart to pump blood throughout the body.

2. Valsartan

Valsartan is another angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) similar to Losartan. It is often prescribed to help lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Treatment options

When it comes to treating the side effects of Losartan, there are several options available. Your doctor may recommend:

  • Adjusting the dosage of Losartan
  • Switching to a different medication
  • Adding a second medication to manage the side effects
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It is important to discuss these options with your healthcare provider to find the best treatment plan for you.